Your methodology governs what kind of project you undertake and how you report it.
Choosing a methodology is not just the choice of research methods. It should also explain:
- the logic behind your research methods
- the context and objective of your research
- how broad your scope is and what limitations you place upon the research
Common methodologies you will have come across before include:
Other methodologies, each with their own approach to research, include:
Your choice of methodology depends on your research question. Before you do anything else you should develop one good question for your research. This will then suggest the most appropriate methodologies for your study.
There is also the option of combining two or more methodologies into a mixed research methodology. As many methodologies are fundamentally different from one another, a mixed research methodology is usually not advisable.
However, using mixed qualitative and statistical research methods to collect and analyse data is normal and to be encouraged as, suitably executed, such combinations may improve the quality of the research and your subsequent mark.